It’s not uncommon for a woman to be infertile and it’s nothing that you should feel embarrassed about, it’s a natural issue. There are several different reasons why you may be unable to conceive a child. Of course, when you want to start a family, it can be incredibly disheartening to find out that you are infertile.
Luckily, thanks to the wonders of modern science, there are ways you can still have a child, including In Vitro Fertilization using a donor egg. We take a look at some of the most common causes of infertility in women.
What Is Infertility?
Being infertile means your body is unable to conceive a child. For most women, if they have tried for a baby for a year, but are yet to be successful, it’s often an indication of infertility. For women who are over 35 years old, the warning sign is six months. In some cases, women who are infertile can become pregnant, but their body is unable to stay pregnant. There are internal steps that a woman’s body must go through to get pregnant:
- Step 1: Ovulation – The woman must release an egg from an ovary.
- Step 2: Womb – The egg needs to pass through one of her fallopian tubes.
- Step 3: Fertilize – On the egg’s journey, the man’s sperm needs to join with the egg.
- Step 4: Implantation – For pregnancy to begin, the fertilized egg must attach itself to the inside of the woman’s uterus.
If there is always a problem with any of the above steps during the process, it shows that a woman is infertile.
Although it can be heart-breaking news to hear that you are infertile, assisted reproduction may be able to help you. IVF using egg donation has come a long way and is highly effective. If you’re infertile and you’re interested in using donor eggs to conceive, check egg donation clinics – eggdonationfriends.com in your area.
What Can Cause Infertility?
Women can be infertile due to many different reasons and most of the time it’s easy to diagnose the problem. However, for 25% of couples, it can be difficult to identify the cause, and in some cases, they can’t find one at all. Below are the most common causes to why a woman may be infertile:
Problems with Ovulation
The most common cause of infertility is if a woman has something wrong with her ovulation. Every month, a woman releases an egg from her ovaries, when the egg doesn’t become fertilized, it leads to the woman having a period. Some medical issues prevent a woman from releasing an egg every cycle or altogether. Ovulation disorders can occur from the following conditions:
- PCOS – Also known as polycystic ovary syndrome, it’s a condition that causes women to have higher levels of male hormones. This imbalance can make it difficult for the women to produce an egg from her ovaries.
- Thyroid Issues – If a woman has an underactive or overactive thyroid gland, it can prevent the process of ovulation.
- Ovarian Failure – As a woman ages, it can become harder for them to conceive. Eventually, they will reach an age where they’ll go through menopause, making their body completely unable to become pregnant. In some cases, women can have premature ovarian failure, meaning they become infertile before they’ve reached the age of forty.
If a woman has undergone a pelvic surgery, they can run the risk of damaging their fallopian tubes by scarring. Women can also risk becoming infertile from scars that are caused by cervical surgery.
Drugs & Medicine
Certain medicines and drugs can have side effects that can lead to women to become infertile:
- Chemotherapy – If a woman has had to undergo chemotherapy due to cancer, there is a chance that it can cause ovarian failure which is permanent. Her ovaries won’t be able to function correctly leading her to become unable to conceive.
- NSAIDs – Also known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If she takes medicines such as aspirin or ibuprofen for an extensive period, these can affect the woman’s fertility.
- Illegal Drugs – Cocaine and marijuana can have grave consequences on a woman’s ovulation cycle, and it can make it difficult for them to conceive.
There are several different reasons why a woman may be infertile, but there are also ways to help. There are many alternative ways to start a family, including assisted reproduction. If you would like more information, speak to your healthcare provider and find out which options would be best suited to your needs.